“Oil and gas fields reside beneath many inland waters and offshore areas around the world,
and in the oil and gas industry the term subsea relates to the exploration, drilling and development of oil and gas fields in underwater locations...”
(Surhone, Tennoe, & Henssonow, 2010)
Specialized equipments are required for the development of subsea oil and gas fields. In order to make the exploitation of the subsea hydrocarbons and safeguard the environment, the equipments must be really reliable (Stantec Consulting Ltd. , 2010).
In these days, the next industrial era in this sector has been invented. Inmatech offer high-quality materials and equipments for oil and gas industry, anything from satellite and radio links to navigation and monitoring systems, in order to solve today’s toughest operational and commercial challenges. With our skills, knowledge, technical expertise, and experience, we help our customers fuel the future, by bringing the physical and digital worlds together.
GE Global Research in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is spearheading deep-water offshore drilling efforts and technological advances. Greater water depths create unique challenges and we are working on areas such as drilling, subsea processing, and flow assurance that will allow operators to produce more oil in cost-effective ways while protecting the environment.
NEW COMPOSITE RISERS
New oil & gas reserves are located in difficult to access deepwater environments. We’re developing lightweight composite risers that help pull oil and gas from deep under the ocean and up to the surface. These risers will work in extreme conditions every day and give us the ability to extract oil and gas from farther down than ever before.
To make sure that our systems can continue to run without problems in these harsh environments, we are constantly working to create better monitoring tools and advanced sensing parts that will give us the information we need to make our machines better. We’re developing software and analytics tools that allow us to do our jobs better and communicate between all aspects of our Oil & Gas systems. We have software that helps our machines work together and helps us to quickly gather and analyze important data to make sure our wells are working efficiently, with minimal unplanned downtime.
We’re working on oil and water separation technology as an important step in economically producing some of the toughest oil fields. When drilling deep under the ocean, different materials are pulled out within the same riser, resulting in oil, water, gas and sand in the same pipeline. Right now the operator brings all materials to the surface and separation is done on platforms and rigs located above water. Through new membrane technology products we can provide a unique subsea seawater treatment system with a wide range of ionic strength and content. This treatment system would allow us to separate materials subsea and only bring the oil and gas we need to the surface of the water.
The future of Oil & Gas research
Our newest global research facility in Oklahoma City
We’re bringing together a world-class team that’s working to solve the toughest energy challenges we’re faced with today. We’re transforming our energy system to work optimally and constantly working on unconventional ways to extract resources and bring the world the energy and technology it needs.
We're working on developing new drilling systems and other technologies for more effective drilling
Exploring CO2 as a component in enhanced oil recovery and to replace water in well completions
Optimizing our artificial lift systems and water use
Developing completion systems with better precision
Improving submersible pumps
We’re making big strides to advance the technology that goes inside our electric submersible pumps that help siphon oil and gas reserves that are hard to reach. Sometimes our wells are more than two miles deep and there isn’t enough pressure to make the hydrocarbons flow to the surface on their own. Only about 15% of the world’s oil wells have an electronic submersible pump (ESP) installed, but about 60% of the global oil production is pumped through them. ESPs are a critical and efficient way of getting high flow rates on wells. We will continue to develop our ESP technology to further oil and gas exploration and find new ways of accessing hard-to-reach resources.
Multiphase flow meter technology
Multiphase flow meter technology is changing the way we measure liquids like oil and water in pipelines. We’ve created a multi-technology solution to simultaneously measure water, gas and oil levels as they flow through the pipelines, allowing for less human interaction. This technology has a more robust design, which allows us to operate in harsher environments without the problems of deterioration or possible failure.
More accurate measurement
At GE Global Research in Bangalore, India, we have a team of researchers working with Chevron to develop a multiphase flow meter to enable more accurate measurement of oil, water and gas in harsh environments. Today we can only measure one fluid at a time in limited conditions, but our scientists are working to test these multiphase flow meters and get them ready for the harsh environments they’ll encounter underwater.
A flow meter is a device we use to measure or monitor volumetric mass flow rates of liquids and/or gas while they flow through a pipe. A single phase meter is used when only one liquid is traveling through a pipe, and a multiphase flow meter is used when oil, gas and/or liquids are traveling through the same pipe together. The main requirements for a successful flow meter are reliable measurement accuracy with minimal human intervention and a design that can withstand harsh environments.
The data we collect is a critical portion of our multiphase flow meter technology. With so many sensors and differentiating factors, it’s important to get an accurate read. We apply predictive analytics to the information collected, so we can make informed decisions about the future of the well. The measurements have to be combined in the right way based on flow physics and the physics of the sensor measurements. We have to account for sensor bias, drift and redundant measurements. To do this we need a complex algorithm to adapt to flow variations as well as changes in sensor performance. The algorithm we’re developing will address error issues that compromise measurement reliability and improve confidence in flow rate estimation. This will make GE’s multiphase flow meter a stand out in the market.
At GE Global Research in Munich, Germany, we’re creating high-powered electrical parts that work in deep ocean waters. These parts help power subsea boosting facilities and allow us to get to previously inaccessible resources. In the future we want to put technology on the seabed and eliminate the need for offshore above-water rigs.
The world’s oil reserves are becoming harder to find and access. We’re exploring new ways of extracting oil from places that were previously inaccessible and are in the process of developing machines that can sit on the ocean floor for better efficiency. A subsea compressor or pump that is located at the bottom of the ocean is very difficult to repair, so we want to make sure that our machines can operate for many thousands of hours before service. We need our pumps to run 24/7/365 and never break.
We’ve been working across the GE Global Research network to develop sophisticated multiphase pumps that can digest not only just oil or gas, but also a mixture of crude oil, gas, water and sand that is usually pumped out of a reservoir.
Working deep under the surface of the ocean means that our equipment is subject to extreme pressures from the surrounding water. We are developing casings that allow our equipment to withstand these high-pressure environments, making sure our technology operates successfully every day.
We’re working on improving other extreme machines, like compressors that have to work in the middle of the desert, in a jungle or on an offshore platform. These machines are important parts of a very large system of extraction and transport pipelines, so we need to be able to rely on them.
Artificial lift technology
At GE Global Research in Niskayuna, USA we’re developing technology to support subsea oil and gas production, and the extraction of new shale gas and tight oil reserves onshore. We’re improving our pump technology to better bring oil to the surface and increase the efficiency of oil well production. Currently ~94% of oil wells in the world leverage some form of artificial lift technology.